This ‘simple’ graphic created by Charles Lister highlights how complex and mind boggling the conflict in Syria has become:
The largest amount of money raised in the shortest time ever for one of the worlds greatest humanitarian crisis.
World leaders pledged more than $10 billion to help Syrians affected by the conflict which has engulfed the nation for 5 years.
This was announced by David Cameron at a Syrian donors’ conference hosted in London, he said that the money will provide Syrians with, “Life saving food, medical care and shelter.”
The gathering of 70 nations was described as a great success by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and said, “Never has the international community raised so much money on a single day for a single crisis”. Among the Countries and organisations to commit to the fund included, UK, Germany, France, USA, Australia, Belgium, Italy, Poland, Japan, the UAE, Austria, Switzerland, Estonia, Denmark and Finland, along with the World Bank and the European Investment Bank.
Loans to neighbouring countries Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan would also be given in order to support the governments and also to allow the refugees jobs and access to education in those nations.
However, despite the success of the conference, it is still an incredibly dangerous and implicated problem being faced by a country ripped apart by conflict.
US Secretary of State John Kerry said: “After five years of fighting, it’s pretty incredible that as we come here in London, the situation on the ground is actually worse, not better…If people are reduced to eating grass and leaves and killing stray animals in order to survive, that’s something that should tear at the conscience of all civilised people and we all have a responsibility to respond to it.”
The regime of President Bashar al Assad has used the last 10 days of London talks and diplomacy aimed at ending the conflict, to intensify air strikes by its Russian ally against rebel-held areas.
The effects on the rebels have been catastrophic. Their main supply route from Aleppo to Turkey has now been cut.
But this is only part of the bloody tapestry of Syria’s complex conflict.
Russia would be critical in bringing the Assad regime to peace talks and to getting a ceasefire ahead of effective diplomacy.
But Turkey has been blocking Kurd participation in the political process.
The Kurds are one of the most reliable partners for the American-led coalition fighting Islamic State, and yet they are being bombed by Turkey – which is pledged to fight IS, too.
Gulf nations have given substantial humanitarian donations – yet they continue to sponsor extremist militia like the al Qaeda-affiliated al Nusra Front which is both fighting Mr Assad and seen as a terrorist group in the West.
The complexity and confusion regarding the war and conflict with so many different angles and perspectives is why there are no signs for an end to the conflict. Despite the generosity in funds and donations, if there can’t be a diplomatic solution then Syrians and the following refugees will continue to suffer.